1 Manufacturing Systems Are Complex Systems That Need To Be Architected If The Manuf 2700853

1. Manufacturing systems are complex systems that need to be architected. If the manufacturing line is software intensive, and repeated software upgrades are planned, how can certification of software changes be managed?

2. The feedback lags or resonances of a manufacturing system of a commercial product interact with the dynamics of market demand. Give examples of problems arising from this interaction and possible methods for alleviating them.