Assignment: Making Decisions With Cost Systems
In this week’s Discussion, you differentiated between different costs and analyzed their relationships. For this week’s Assignment, you evaluate a scenario in which standard cost systems are in use by using direct labor and the materials’ variances calculations.
Imagine meeting David Baker, the owner of a T-shirt manufacturer, whose business produces T-shirts for local businesses and organizations where you live. David wants his business to grow considerably, though he knows that with growth comes many different costs, including increased labor costs, material costs, and maintenance on his building. He needs to know if there are ways he can continue to grow his company while cutting costs in the process. David knows that there are four main costs to consider (product costs, direct material cost, direct labor cost, and manufacturing overhead), and he knows that he must also consider his costs over time. But he is not sure if all of these costs are equally important, or if he should prioritize some costs over others. David has come to you for advice on how to facilitate the optimal growth of his company.
To prepare for this Assignment, consider how the classification of manufacturing costs will provide David with a better understanding of the current state of his business, and how it can inform effective financial decision making.
Categorize each of the following Cost Varieties by placing them within the Product Cost or Period Cost column/system.
- Advertising expenses for T-shirts
- Depreciation on PCs in marketing department
- Fire insurance on corporate headquarters
- Fire insurance on plant
- Overtime premium paid assembly workers
- Factory building maintenance department
- Factory security guards
- Property taxes paid on corporate headquarters
- Salaries of public relations staff
- Salary of corporate controller
- Wages of engineers in quality control
- Wages paid to assembly-line employees
- Wages paid to employees in finished goods warehouse
Once you have divided the Cost Varieties between the Product Cost and Period Cost systems, identify each product cost within the following appropriate sections: Direct Materials, Direct Labor, or Manufacturing Overhead.
Finally, in a 1- to 2-page paper, provide at least two recommendations for which types of costs David should pay the most attention to in order to reduce costs. Include a rationale for each recommendation.