Please solve the following questions from the attachment file.
1. (15 marks)a Explain why the domestic yield curve for a bond is concave (ie. increasing at adecreasing rate). 10 marksb Concavity of the yield curve implies that as the time to maturity increases, theaverage yield to the investor must increase. While this feature is believed tohold for domestic bonds, it does not necessarily have to for international bonds;explain why this is the case. 5 marks
FNCE 461 – International FinanceInstructor: Michael AtaAssignment 3Due March 29, 2016 at the beginning of class1. (15 marks)a Explain why the domestic yield curve for a bond is concave (ie. increasing at adecreasing rate). 10 marksb Concavity of the yield curve implies that as the time to maturity increases, theaverage yield to the investor must increase. While this feature is believed tohold for domestic bonds, it does not necessarily have to for international bonds;explain why this is the case. 5 marks2. (10 marks) Some corporations have a stock market price that is above their bookvalue. Explain why this is the case and the general characteristics associated withthis occurrence.3. (30 marks) You are evaluating a ﬁrm for potential investment. Suppose the maincharacteristic of this ﬁrm for proﬁtable investment is its market share; the higher itsmarket share, the more proﬁtable it would be for investment.a Suppose you are told that its 4-ﬁrm concentration ratio is 0.6 and it is thelargest ﬁrm in its industry (ie. it has the largest market share). Determinethe ﬁrm’s minimum guaranteed size (ie. minimum market share with the giveninformation). 5 marksb Now suppose you must evaluate the ﬁrm’s performance through market-shareinﬂuence in the following way (NOTE: disregard the information in part [a] forthis portion of the question): E[R]=γE[RG ] + (1 − γ)E[RB ]Where E[R] is the expected return over the two states of the world that canoccur; the “good” state of the world (where the ﬁrm does well and you getreceive a high return for your investment) denoted by G and the “bad” state ofthe world (the ﬁrm does not do well and your return is lower than that of thegood state) denoted by B. You know that if the good state of the world occurs,you will receive 7 million in expectation. If the bad state of the world occurs,you will receive 40 thousand dollars in expectation.γ is the market share inﬂuence and is perfectly correlated with the probability ofthe good state of the world occurring; the ﬁrm’s market share perfectly reﬂectsits probability of success (or the good state of the world occurring).i) Suppose you have to invest 2.5 million. If you were a risk-neutral investor,what is the lowest market share the ﬁrm could have for you to still invest in it?5 marksii) Suppose the Herﬁndahl index tells you the “equivalent” number of ﬁrms inthe industry is 6.724. Assume that when you are evaluating the ﬁrm, you wouldtreat γ as H in the formula given above. Would the indexes’ result suggest thatthis ﬁrm is worth investing in if you were a risk neutral investor? What aspectsof the test would make you skeptical of its reliability/ability to accurately predicta ﬁrm’s market share? 10 marksiii) Describe how your decision to invest in the ﬁrm would be aﬀected throughvalue creation and demand analysis. 10 marks4. (15 marks) A Canadian corporation forecasts its next annual earnings to be 72 CDNper share, with a constant growth rate of 3.5 percent per year, and with a 60 percentpayout ratio. Further assume that the required rate of return for the corporationsstock is 15 percent per annum. Calculate the current price of a share and its intrinsicPE ratio.1 5. (10 marks) Describe why “Bear” Structured Notes are more volatile with respect toprice than regular FRN’s.6. (30 marks) A bond has the following characteristics: it is a ten year bond withcoupon payments of 20,000 per year with an interest rate of 7 percent per year. Atmaturity, the bond owner receives the ﬁnal coupon payment and the principal, wherethe principal is equal to 2 million dollars.a Determine the implicit price of the bond. 10 marksb Determine the change in price if at the beginning of year six, the interest rateassociated with discounting increased from 7 to 9 percent. Describe in wordswhy the price went up or down. 10 marksc Suppose now that the bond is paid for and remunerated in Japanese Yen, andyou are a U.S. investor. Suppose the USD:YEN spot rate is 192. Calculate theforward rate necessary for you to receive a 20 percent return oﬀ the bond inpresent-value terms. (Note: disregard the change in interest rate presented inpart [b]). 10 marks7. (30 marks) There are two countries. Assume that domestic and foreign assets havestandard deviations of σd = 16 percent and σf = 11 percent respectively, with acorrelation of ρd,f = 0.4. The risk-free rate is equal to 3 percent in both countries.a The expected returns of the domestic and foreign assets are both equal to 10percent, E(Rd ) = E(Rf ) = 10 percent. Calculate the Sharpe ratios for thedomestic asset, the foreign asset, and an internationally diversiﬁed portfolioequally invested in the domestic and foreign assets. Explain your results. 15marksb Assume now that the expected return on the foreign asset is lower than on thedomestic asset, E(Rd ) = 10 percent but E(Rf ) = 8 percent. Calculate the 2 Sharpe ratio for an internationally diversiﬁed portfolio equally invested in thedomestic and foreign assets. Compare your ﬁndings to those in part [a]. 15marks8. (15 marks) Emerging markets are generally believed to be riskier to invest in relativeto developed markets. Provide some arguments in favor of investment in emergingmarkets. Describe some ways that emerging markets make investing in their marketsmore attractive.9. (15 marks) Risk in developed markets is typically measured by the standard deviationof returns. Do you think this is an acceptable way to measure risk in emergingmarkets? Why or why not? 3