Hello, I am looking for someone to write an essay on HIV/AIDS: Its Progression through Time and How to stop it. It needs to be at least 1250 words.
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The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first recognized in 1981. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was recognized as the virus that causes AIDS in 1983 (Roger et al. 505-506). People who have the virus in their bodies are said to have HIV infection or to be HIV -positive. HIV kills immune system CD4 cells (T-Cells) that protect the body from disease (Barr 417). In time, the damage to the immune system is severe enough to result in symptoms or illness. This destructive process may take as many as ten years or more (Barr 417 – 418). For this reason, people who have HIV infection often look and feel quite healthy. In fact, as many as 1 in 4 Americans are unaware that they have HIV infection (Carrel 148). Even when a person with HIV infection looks and feels fine, he or she can pass the virus on to others, thus driving the need for education about HIV infection. HIV can be transmitted from an infected person to another through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk (Sadock et al. 373- 374). HIV infection is considered a sexually transmitted disease (STD) given its transmission routes (i.e., blood as well as vaginal, anal and oral sex) (Sadock et al. 373 – 374).
Accroding to Avert (p. 1) growing numbers of young people worldwide still become infected with HIV. The CDC reported that teens are engaging in increasing amount of sexually risk behavior. During last decade the number of those having unprotected intercourse has been steadily on the rise and individual teens are having greater number of sexual partner. As these risky behaviors continued unchecked, statistics show that 60% of all HIV infections occur in the 15-24 year old age group (WHO 1). These epidemiologic data press the need for education, prevention, and early detection as well as treatment for adolescent and young adult age groups. Body Progression of HIV and Lack of Awareness AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Bartlett). People with HIV infection are diagnosed with AIDS (i.e., are AIDS-defined) when they meet given laboratory test criteria, or are diagnosed with specific diseases. The AIDS definition developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) includes the following conditions: a person must be HIV positive and have a CD4 (T-cell) count below 200/mm3 or must have one or more opportunistic infections (Nye &. Parkin 35- 36). These circumstances only occur when the virus has caused significant damage to the immune system. Thus, a positive HIV test result does not mean that a person has AIDS until the person receives a diagnosis of AIDS based on the CDC’s diagnostic criteria (Nye &. Parkin 35 -36). The symptoms and course of AIDS are variable and individual. For example, some people with AIDS are quite ill, while others have periods of apparent good health that alternate with episodes of illness. Some people with AIDS feel good most or all of the time. Some feel very sick most of the time. The course of the illness also varies. A few people become severely ill as early as one or two years after becoming infected with HIV (Marlink &. Kotin 24- 25). Commonly, other people develop serious illness about ten years after their sentinel HIV infection (TCC Antiretroviral 298 – 299). There are also a few individuals who have had HIV infection for over 20 years without developing serious illness (TCC Antiretroviral 298 -299). HIV is passed from one person to another person through sexual and blood-to-blood contact. There are a number of ways that the virus can be passed on to other persons, including sharing needles that have come in contact with blood. pregnant women with HIV infections who can pass the virus to their babies during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. and contact with vaginal fluid or semen.